Women and Online Abuse Research From Amnesty International

The internet is quite the place.
At any given moment, a string of a few words can lead you to a youtube video of a cat dancing, a store where you can buy anything your heart desires, or a message telling you to kill yourself, among other more volatile aspects.
So when it comes to online abuse, things are worse than they’ve ever been.
Amnesty International has now published new research looking at this online abuse, specifically towards women.
In a survey of eight countries and women aged 18-55 from these countries, Amnesty International found that 23% of the women surveyed had experienced online abuse or harassment. Worse, 41% of the women who responded that they had experienced this had said further it made them fear the risk of their physical safety. And even further, 46% of the women surveyed that had experienced this abuse responded that it was misogynistic or sexist.
While internet abuse has always tailored itself to the user targeted, and only gotten more specific and easier as time has gone on and the internet has evolved, this research leads Amnesty International to claim this abuse as an epidemic, one that often specifically targets women.

https://www.boomlive.in/online-harassment-towards-women/
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/11/amnesty-reveals-alarming-impact-of-online-abuse-against-women/

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War Crimes in Marawi

After fleeing hostage, Diego, a young farmer recalls how he frantically swarms across the cold waters of Lake Lanao to make to the other side of the shore and free the battle zone in marawi which is a city in the southern island of Mindanao, Philippines. For some months now, Maute fighters linked to ISIL have engaged in battles with the government prompting numerous residents to flee in search of safety. Many have lost their lives amidst the widespread destruction of homes and property according to a report by amnesty international. In a human rights analysis of the battle, IS-allied militants subjected Christian civilians to the worst of abuses including extrajudicial killings and mass hostage.
The Philippines armed forces were also involved in ill-treatment of the fleeing civilians, and the constant bombing of military held areas. Tirana Hassan, Crisis Response Director at Amnesty International. Said that the operations by Philippines military have been intensive and have subjected the population to extreme suffering. Amnesty International engaged victims through interviews who described the painful ordeals. Multiple witnesses described how the militants killed innocent civilians by shooting them or slitting their throats especially if they subscribed to Christianity
Restrictions on accessing marawi denied the organization ability to determine if the military in the Philippines breached international Human Law Obligations through the use of airstrikes and artillery. It called upon the authorities to ensure justice for the victims.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/11/crimes-fight-philippines-marawi-amnesty-171117135410048.html
https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/11/philippines-battle-of-marawi-leaves-trail-of-death-and-destruction/

Turkish Trials Following Failed Military Coup

In the momentum of thousands of arrests in Turkey after a recent failed military coup, there have been plenty of convictions.
These have been across many different types of people, but often people identified as “terrorists” by Turkey.
The most recent group, 11 activists, included 2 Amnesty International leaders, according to CNN.
While Amnesty International fired back against the claims as utterly baseless, Turkey claims the 11 assisted terrorist groups.
From Amnesty International’s point of view, this situation is a raindrop in a downpour of critical voices of Turkish state of affairs being silenced via arrest. Should this be the case, it would be a widespread wave of censorship and unjust imprisonment.
Turkey’s claims include the activists assisting the Kurdistan Workers Party, a group that has been in armed conflict with Turkey since 1984 after being founded in 1978. Its ideologies include tenants like feminism, libertarian socialism, communalism, and, most recently, democratic confederalism.
The group has declared it would only even consider ceasing fires under UN or US direction.
As such, it’s been an enemy of Turkey for some time.
Regardless of the verdict, this wave of trials has raised eyebrows of concern regarding the countries’ citizens, and their rights and liberties being potentially infringed upon.
Either way, we can be sure to expect many more trials in this effort.
http://www.cnn.com/2017/10/25/europe/turkey-trial-amnesty-activists/index.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-20971100
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Kurdistan-Workers-Party
https://thekurdishproject.org/history-and-culture/kurdish-nationalism/pkk-kurdistan-workers-party/

Unfair Trial Leads an Iranian Academic to a Death Penalty

Amnesty International urges the Iranian authorities to free the Iranian-born Ahmadreza Djalali urgently. Djalali is a Swedish resident with a prominent specialist in emergency medicine. Not only was Djalali a medical doctor, but he was also a lecturer who studied and taught in different countries such as Sweden, Belgium, and Italy. He is a very respectful man that upon his detention, many European officials have demanded his immediate release. Ahmadreza Djalali has many lawyers working on his case, and Zeynab Taheri, a prominent lawyers, had told Amnesty International that Djalali was sentenced to death, under the charge ‘’corruption on earth’’ that claims that the man was working with the Israeli government.
Djalali has also accused that his relationship with the Israeli government is what helped him get his residency permit in Sweden. The Iranian government has sentenced the innocent man to death after an unfair trial, which shows how easy it is for them to execute a death penalty on a man without giving him the benefit of the fair trial. In fact, there is no clear evidence presented against him, except that he was a peaceful man who is trying to pursue his career. The man was simply expressing his opinions through his academic work, and now he is facing a death penalty.

Source: https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/10/iran-prominent-academic-sentenced-to-death-after-grossly-unfair-trial/

Unjust Arrest of Protesters in Anglophone Packed in Overcrowded Places

It has been reported that 500 people are still detained in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon, where the place of the detention is overcrowded with people stacked like sardines in a can. Additionally, mass arrests have also been taking place in the area, which led many of the protestors who are wounded to flee from hospitals in fear of arrest. Those unfortunate 500 detainees were arrested after they protested in the movement that took place in numerous towns North-West and South-West Cameroon and the beginning of October. During these protests, more than 20 people were shot dead by the security forces that were working on dissolving the protest.
The army is part of the security forces, however; its involvement in enforcing the law is excluded to emergency situations. The main reason they were only needed in that situation is that their experience in using force is quite excessive and unnecessary once they start conducting arrests. The outcome of their assistance in arresting civilians has cost the country property in mass destruction. The Police and the army should be two separate entities that serve their countries in two different ways. The roles of the two cannot be intermixed except in time of need.

Source: https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/10/cameroon-inmates-packed-like-sardines-in-overcrowded-prisons-following-anglophone-protests/

Amnesty Collects 16,000 Firearms in Queensland

The three-month national firearm amnesty has succeeded in collecting 16,000 guns from the streets of Queensland. The people of Queensland has proved to be quite the role models after the tragedy that took place in Las Vegas as they have doubled the number of the weapons given to the police force. Queensland is one of the first places that the gun laws were overhauled in after the atrocious massacre in Port Arthur. The Federal Government launched the campaign to address people’s concerns about their national security. People were terrified that they might be facing the issue of bigger terrorist threats. People of Australia have surrendered around 51,461 firearms to their local police stations, in addition to gun shops during only three months.
People are now moved with concern and fear as the Federal Government have stated only collecting 666,000 firearms during the buyback program that they conducted for a year back in 1996. Both the police force and gun shops have found unusual items during their quest, as they were handed in a sawn-off shotgun that was once found in a local tip back in 1995, in addition to a handgun that was purchased in the 1900s for personal protection, in addition to a tiny pistol.

Source: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-10-06/queensland-gun-amnesty-nets-16000-firearms/9023586

Indonesia’s Fight Against Drugs Is Taking a Bloody Turn

Terminating all sorts of drug abuse is one of the major priorities of the Indonesian government, however; the campaign against drug dealers by the law enforcement personnel in Indonesia has taken a bloody turn. A significant number of victims have been shot dead in an attempt to battle drug abuse. Bramantya Basuki, who is a researcher, has reported that around 80 people died due to these clashes since last January, which is regarded as four times higher than the number of victims who were shot dead last year. There was a meeting held by Amnesty International that revolved on discussing whether the gun usage by the police was questioned or not, and if so, did it make a difference.
The number of incidents in Indonesia keeps on growing, which raises a huge concern and that is if Indonesia is going to turn to the Philippines in its fight against drugs. People fear that the number of incidents will keep on increasing because the police do not seem to run any internal investigations on the matter. People who are not related to drug dealing might also be harmed in the process and later on be accused of false allegations.

Source: http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2017/09/19/80-people-killed-in-polices-war-on-drugs-amnesty-international.html