The presence of thousands of Rohingya refugees in the Andaman Sea and in the Bay of Bengal is another human tragedy of the 21st century. Rohingya refugees are being compelled to leave their country. Rohingya Refugees risk their lives to escape rioting and torture by their own government. The sources of this crisis are initiated from Myanmar, where the Rohingya often face discrimination for decades. In the past several years, hundreds of Rohingya have been compelled to flee to another country. Amnesty International claimed that the state-sponsored persecution and the dire humanitarian situation that are pushing thousands of Rohingya to risk their lives and flee their country. More than one million Rohingya are considered to inhabit Myanmar, where they already have faced brutal repression and denial of their human rights. They are not considered to be an official ethnic group and denied citizenship under Myanmar’s 1982 Citizenship Law, which effectively gets these people stateless. As a result, their civil rights are vulnerable and absent. Now, they belong to nowhere just merely refugees.
According to the UN Refugee Agency, more than 110,000 Rohingya refugees managed to escape by the Bay of Bengal on motorboats. Myanmar officers deny the existence of the Rohingya and they would like to consider them as “Bengalis” a term familiar to the citizen of Bangladesh. The authorities furthermore strictly restrict having access to Rakhine area. When
Myanmar’s military dictator Thein Sein was came to power, he started sweeping Rohingya. On the contrary, new moves by the Govt seem designed to cement their exclusion further. Earlier this year, Buddhist nationalist compelled the President to issue momentary registration certificates known as “white cards”. In October 2014, the government declared a Rakhine State Plan which, if implemented, the Rohingya would face more discrimination, segregation and identity crisis.
The government has not made the plan openly accessible or spoken with afflicted communities about it adding to the problems that it will be used to even more marginalize the Rohingya. In May 2014, just before the first countrywide census in Myanmar, the govt backtracked on a guarantee to let the Rohingya to self-identify and alternatively announced they would have to subscribe as Bengali. In 2012, violence erupted between Buddhists and Muslims in Rakhine state. That violence caused uncountable deaths. Nowadays anti-Muslim attacks become a natural phenomenon as the international community has failed to resist Myanmar authority to torture the Rohingya in several cities across the country.